In the clothing industry, pattern making section is the mainstay of the fashion industry. In reality, the best garments are created from the pattern maker’s table.
The designers of patterns must be acquainted with anthropometrical data from measurements of the body. They should be familiar with the techniques of garment construction. They must have deep experience in the process of creating designs based on the buyer’s requirement measurements, also known as specification sheets. This technique is referred to as industrial pattern-making.
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Many kinds of pattern-making can be used such as:
- Custom-made pattern design (Bespoke system)
- Commercial pattern manufacturing.
- Pattern making sample garments.
- Industrial pattern making.
- Flat pattern making.
- Sloper/Master preparation for pattern making.
- Flat sketch pattern based on the flat sketch.
- Pattern making is a process that involves grading.
- Computer-aided pattern making.
- Computer-Aided Grading of Pattern Making.
- Ready-made pattern for making clothes and
- Draped garment pattern making.
Salient Features of Apparel Pattern Maker:
1.) Determine the dimensions of patterns to allow the specification of sizes for garments that take into consideration stretching and not-stretching properties of fabric (woven or knitted).
2.) Create the slopers/master patterns for every size. U.S. 8, 10 12, etc. within a range of sizes with measurement charts and drafting and cutting with tools, computers, or Grading equipment.
3.) Pattern making software are available for purchase as follows:
● Gerber (GGT)
● Reach-piece and
Each day new software are developed to help in an explosive growth in apparel and the industry of garments Internally.
4.) Create a pattern on paper that can be used to meet the needs of buyers in mass production design concepts.
5.) Control the optimal arrangement of pattern pieces to limit the waste of fabric and also mark the fabric to maximum efficiency of consumption of the fabric according.
6.) Discuss designs with designers, and then convert their initial models of clothing into patterns made of different components which could be laid on fabric.
7) Sketch details on the sketches of the parts to indicate the locations where pieces are to be joined together, and also the position of pleats pockets buttons and other elements with the help of computers or other drawing tools (well proficient in the symbols and symbols used in patterns made manually and computerized).
8.) Outline patterns by adapting or copying patterns that are already in use or by drawing new patterns for dresses.
9) Review sketches, samples of dress and design specifications to determine the quantities of shapes, sizes, and shapes of the pattern components, as well as to estimate the quantity of fabric or material required for the creation of a dress.
10) Note down completed patterns with relevant details such as the size of the garment section, type as well as identification and sewing instructions.
11) Cut and place samples or master patterns with knives and scissors, or print copies of patterns by using computers.
12) Make outlines from the paper on:
● Patterns on cardboard,
● Thick paper
● Thin plywood
● Sheets of transparent plastic that are transparent and
● Cut the patterns into pieces to create templates.
● Usually, the parts of Collars and Neck-bands, as well as Plackets and Pockets
And standard size full size with all components frequently repeated as ongoing orders that are always made by the purchasers/customers.
Particular Obligations of An Industrial Attire Sample Maker:
● Scrutinize flat sketches,
● Specifications for design to determine the shape,
● Pattern size,
● Review the positions,
● Cuts and patterns, with scissors
● A Matchmaker and a knife.
Highly skilled and experienced designers are hired by clothing companies and are closely associated together with designers. Depending on the company they may be required to complete the design from the first pattern/Basic pattern to production. This must be considered essential.
They are created in a way that the exact style can be duplicated easily when it is needed and several pieces can be made professionally. Patternmaking allows you to never need to begin with a blank slate when making duplicates of patterns.
The education required to be a Pattern Maker is typically an undergraduate degree in apparel Design which is a prerequisite for Pattern Makers. They typically pursue Graphic Design, pattern making software, along with Business or Fine Arts graduates. 40% of Pattern Makers have the degree of a Bachelor’s and 37% have an Associate Degree as of recent.
In the past, a sample maker who has a solid understanding of how to sew the garment can work with a seasoned pattern maker. The pattern maker will teach the staff of apprentices/understaff and is thought of as the pattern maker’s assistant for at least 3 to 5 years. After that, they will leave the position and then shift to a new factory for making clothes.
These days, pattern makers have also been referred to as Technical Designers or Pattern Executives. The process of making patterns is considered to be the initial stage in the manufacturing of clothing. When creating a garment per the style the templates are used to draw the different garment components of the same design onto the fabric before cutting and making.
To create a distinct pattern the pattern maker will be able to follow five important steps:
● In the process of assembling their material,
● Making the proper measurements,
● By incorporating styles and patterns,
● Designing and grading them, after which they can
● Then, you can rip it will produce the final garment.
Pattern Making Process:
The creation of a precise image of every part of a garment using the flat surface of a hardboard paper called the pattern. This is the main aspect. The first step of apparel production is the design designs and patterns for the elements of design. Alongside, the pattern-making process is among the most crucial tasks involved in manufacturing garments and manufacturing.
The flat sketch/ silhouette of the garment is changing into trendy clothes using pattern making techniques and, consequently, it acts as a bridge between creation and production. Separate patterns (Major components and components) are joined and create a garment.
These patterns are utilized for drawing the various parts of a garment onto paper or cloth before cutting the fabric. ( Marker planning) If interlining or lining is utilized in the fabric, for this reason, the patterns must be drawn from the patterns maker.
To create garment patterns, specific knowledge and effectiveness are needed in terms of talent, technical details, the capability the analyse designs for garments as well as the process of manufacturing garments. The patterns that are utilized in fashion-forward garment manufacturing industries. are made in two steps that are referred to as
- Block pattern and
- Garment pattern.
- Block pattern:
Block pattern or the basic pattern is the basic pattern that’s fitted to a specific normal body structure but does not have any specific design or construction that would be attractive for improvement, style or design. Based on the standard measurements of
● Short etc.
A group of women’s and men’s blocks are created.
There are a variety of block patterns created for kids according to their age. Block patterns are created using two methods as described below:
The pattern of the various components of a garment and especially that of the human body (Front and Back ), sleeves, skirts both front and back) Most often, the term “Five Slopers” are made by drawing technical drawings. When drawing a technical design the rules and method of application to the body measurements of a person and the proportional rates depend on the patterns makers.
- Garment pattern:
These kinds of patterns can also be created using computers today, with computer dominance. For basic pattern making on the computer, programs for pattern making are stored on computer disks. The flat method was developed predominantly from the modelling system and this is how patterns can be created so simply and quick with minimal time.
The pattern making modelling is the primary and most current system, and in fashion, it’s still a popular system. In this model, it is a block that has the typical body that is a model constructed and is known as Toile. Toile in British and Muslin in the U.S.
The toile is then used inside the model’s body and is used to sustain modifications and balances to that model’s body. Then the toile or muslin is removed from the model’s body.
Each part of the toile is created on a separate, moderately tough paper or board paper. The patterns created by this method become extremely precise however it takes a lot of time.
Block patterns are designed using a flat fashion or using a modelling method and garment patterns (also known as work patterns) are created from basic blocks. Every block pattern is stored on paper and its duplicate is created using a marker or pencil pen.
After the copy from this pattern, the items to be specified as in the following order:
● Sewing allowance
● Trimming allowance
● Front line centre,
● Centre backline
● Position of button attachment,
● Shirring, and
What’s the price of the garments? will be loose, tight (Amount of Easy)?
● Specific or different designs of a specific part (if there is any) and so on. are included.
● To facilitate the proper attachment of the patterns “U” or “V” cut-outs are made along the line of seams (notch makers are sold in shops dealing with tailoring material dealers).
● For each component of a dress, a separate working pattern or pattern for the garment is created.
● To show the direction of the grainline, or the warp yarn of fabrics every pattern should be marked with an arrow line.
● After the drawing is completed, patterns, designs or patterns for garments will be separated from the paper using sharp scissors or knives.
● The pattern you choose to use will be identified by the dimensions and the name of the part.
● The sample garment is created using only the working pattern.
The fashion industry’s garment manufacturing industry, follow the mentioned steps, in addition, the customers for theatre are following the same procedure.
Pattern makers are extremely valuable internationally and in Asian countries that are clear. The majority of the apparel manufacturing industries are located across India, Bangladesh, Vietnam, China, Korea, Indonesia and Jakarta and pattern makers are required whether they are computer or manual pattern makers, mini marker makers or even miniature marker makers.
Today, fashion schools teach pattern making and garment construction as the most fundamental subjects, as well as providing an expert method of practical teaching.